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USDA Texas Hay                                     07/25 08:45
Amarillo, TX       Fri Jul 25, 2014    USDA Market News

Weekly Texas Hay Report 
   Compared to last week:  All hay prices were mostly steady.  Trade activity 
was slow on light to moderate demand. Rain across the state has benefitted 
pastures and the need for hay has gone down.  The rain has also caused a lot of 
brown ground Alfalfa to be available on the market.  Sources believe there will 
be plenty of hay grazer coming into the market in the next few weeks that will 
help keep prices down for dairies feed rations.  East and South Texas report 
plenty of high quality Coastal Bermuda available but input costs are keeping 
prices steady.  Freight continues to keep spreads wide considering it depends 
how far the hay is going to be hauled.  Prices for hay and pellets quoted per 
ton except where noted. 

The Texas Department of Agriculture has Hay and Grazing Hot Line set up for 
Buyers and sellers looking for hay or grazing; the number is 1-877-429-1998.   
The website for the hotline is:

Panhandle/High Plains:
   Alfalfa:  Small Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 330.00, 10.00 per Bale; 
Grass Mix 7.00 per bale. 
   Large Bales: Delivered: Premium to Supreme 265.00-295.00; Good to Premium 
   Chopped Alfalfa: Delivered to feedlots: 195.00-210.00. Calf hay 230.00-
245.00. Brown 165.00.
   Coastal Bermuda: Large Bales: Delivered: 185.00-205.00, 95.00-100.00 per 
   Wheat Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 170.00-180.00.
   Prairie Hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 280.00.
   Small Bales: Delivered: 207.00.
   Bluestem grass hay: Large Bales: Delivered: 125.00-135.00. 
Far West Texas/Trans Pecos: 
   Alfalfa: Small Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 265.00, 8.00 per bale.
   Large Bales: FOB: Premium to Supreme 270.00-285.00, Good to Premium 245.00-
North, Central, and East Texas:
   Alfalfa:  Small Squares: FOB: Premium to Supreme 230.00, 7.00 per bale; 
Grass/Alfalfa 5.00 per bale. 
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 230.00, 7.00 per bale.
   Large Rounds: FOB: Good to Premium 60.00-75.00 per roll, 120.00-150.00 per 
ton; Fair to Good 45.00-50.00 per roll, 90.00-100.00 per ton.
    Rye Hay: Large Rounds: FOB: 40.00 per bale.   
South Texas:
   Coastal Bermuda: Small Squares: FOB: Good to Premium 230.00-265.00, 7.00-
8.00 per bale; Fair to Good 165.00-200.00, 5.00-6.00 per bale.
   Large Rounds: FOB and delivered locally: Good to Premium 120.00-170.00; 
60.00-85.00 per roll; Fair to Good 100.00; 50.00 per roll. 

   Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines (for domestic livestock use and not more than 
10% grass)
Quality       ADF     NDF     *RFV     **TDN-100%     **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme       <27     <34     >185        >62           >55.9      >22
Premium      27-29   34-36   170-185    60.5-62       54.5-55.9   20-22
Good         29-32   36-40   150-170      58-60       52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair         32-35   40-44   130-150      56-58       50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility       >35     >44     <130         <56          <50.5      <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula. 
**TDN calculated using the western formula.  Quantitative factors are 
approximate, and many factors can affect feeding value. Values based on 100% 
dry matter (TDN showing both 100% & 90%).  Guidelines are to be used with 
visual appearance and intent of sale (usage).

  Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium             Over 13
Good                 9-13
Fair                 5-9
Utility             Under 5

Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
value.  Values based on 100% dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price or 
value more than testing results. 

Hay Quality Designation's physical descriptions: 
   Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra leafy. 
Factors indicative of very high nutritive content.  Hay is excellent color 
and free of damage.
   Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in grass 
hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of a high nutritive 
content.  Hay is green and free of damage.  
   Good: Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes and 
early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed, free of damage other 
than slight discoloration. 
   Fair: Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in grass 
hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally coarse stemmed. Hay may 
show light damage. 
   Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes or 
mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed.  This category could include hay 
discounted due to excessive damage and heavy weed content or mold.  Defects 
will be identified in market reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA Market News Service, Amarillo, TX
         806/372-6361 -  

0915c     ldh

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