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USDA IA & NE Hay                                   04/10 10:50
Kearney, NE    Thu Apr 10, 2014    USDA-NE Dept of Ag Market News

Nebraska/Iowa Hay Summary - Week Ending Apr 11, 2014
   Compared to last week, alfalfa hay unevenly steady, cornstalk bales 
10.00 lower, grass hay, ground/delivered alfalfa, ground/delivered 
cornstalks and dehy pellets steady. Some parts of the state reported good 
movement on hay other areas remain light. Some producers are busy 
planting oats and alfalfa. Prices are dollars per ton FOB (freight on 
buyer) stack in medium to large square bales and rounds, unless otherwise 
noted. Prices from the most recent reported sales. 

Northeast/Central Nebraska: Alfalfa: Premium large squares 200.00-230.00; 
Good large squares 160.00-190.00; fair large squares 125.00-140.00. 
Premium large rounds 140.00-150.00, Good large rounds 120.00-130.00.  
Grass: Small squares 170.00. Good large rounds 90.00-125.00. Cornstalk 
round bales 40.00-50.00 per ton. Dehydrated alfalfa 17 percent protein 
pellets 300.00-315.00; meal 305.00-315.00. 

Platte Valley area of Nebraska: Alfalfa: Good large rounds 110.00-120.00 
and delivered alfalfa trading from 120.00-135.00. Ground and delivered 
alfalfa 160.00, blended alfalfa product 130.00-140.00. Ground and 
delivered corn stalks 90.00-110.00. Dehydrated alfalfa pellets, 17 
percent protein: 305.00; alfalfa meal 312.00. 

IOWA: South Central/North Central IA: 
Compared to last week, all hay sold steady on a light test. Some 
prospective buyers are seeking what new hay (2014 crop) might be worth. 
Producers are very reluctant on setting a price right now.  

Alfalfa: Premium large squares 250.00 delivered.  Good large squares 
250.00. Alfalfa mix: Good large squares 200.00. Straw: Large squares 
140.00 delivered, small squares 175.00 delivered. 

Table 1: Alfalfa guidelines  (for domestic livestock use and not more
         than 10% grass)

 Quality     ADF     NDF      *RFV     **TDN-100%  **TDN-90%     CP
Supreme      <27     <34       >185        >62         >55.9     >22
Premium    27-29   34-36    170-185    60.5-62     54.5-55.9   20-22
Good       29-32   36-40    150-170      58-60     52.5-54.5   18-20
Fair       32-35   40-44    130-150      56-58     50.5-52.5   16-18
Utility      >35     >44       <130        <56         <50.5     <16

*RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.
**TDN calculated using the western formula.
   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100 % dry matter (TDN showing both 100% 
& 90%).  Guidelines are to be used with visual appearance and intent of 
Sale (usage).
Table 2: Grass Hay guidelines

         Quality            Crude Protein Percent
          Premium             Over 13
          Good                   9-13
          Fair                   5-9
          Low                Under 5

  Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect
feeding value. Values based on 100% dry matter. End usage may influence
hay price or value more than testing results.
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
   leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stwhed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold. Defects will be identified in market
         reports when using this category.

Source:  USDA NE Dept of Ag Market News Service, Kearney, NE 
         Tom Walthers, Market Reporter (308) 390-5399
         24 Hour Recorded Market Reports - (620) 369-9311

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