USDA South Dakota Hay 04/18 13:45
Sioux Falls, SD Fri April 18, 2014 USDA-SD Dept of Ag Market News
Weekly East River South Dakota Hay Market
All prices per ton, unless noted, FOB the stack.
Compared to last week: Few reported sales of alfalfa, market was
steady to weak. Grass hay mostly steady. Straw remains steady.
Pellets and meal steady. Moderate to good demand this week but the
market continues to be pressured. The thought of spring and green grass
has livestock producers holding off and only buying as needed. High quality
dairy hay is in tight supply but sellers comment how difficult it is to get
their hay sold at their current asking prices. Grass hay is in abundant
supply which is pressuring that market. Hay producers are starting to get
some inquiry on 2014 hay contracts. Normal temperatures have finally arrived
and soil temperatures are starting to warm. Moisture would be much appreciated
to help alleviate the dry soils. All hay and straw sold by the ton FOB,
unless otherwise stated.
Alfalfa: Supreme: Large Squares and Rounds, 235.00-250.00; Large Squares,
Delivered. Good: Large Squares, 225.00, 175.00 Delivered; Large Rounds 160.00
Fair to Good: Large Squares, 180.00 Delivered; Large Rounds, 130.00. Utility
Large Rounds and Squares, 100.00-125.00.
Sun-cured Alfalfa pellets: 15 pct 245.00; 17 pct 250.00. Alfalfa Meal: 17
Grass: Good: Large Rounds, 130.00. Fair: Large Rounds, 110.00.
Alfalfa/Grass Mix: Good: Large Rounds, 135.00 Delivered Short haul. Fair:
Large Squares, 100.00; Large Rounds, 125.00 Delivered Short Haul
Oat Hay: Large Squares, 100.00.
Wheat Straw: Large Squares, 110.00.
Cornstalks: Large Rounds, 47.50.
Alfalfa guidelines (domestic livestock use and not more than 10 pct
Quality ADF NDF RFV TDN-100 pct TDN-90 pct CP
Supreme <27 <34 >185 >62 >55.9 >22
Premium 27-29 34-36 170-185 60.5-62 54.5-55.9 20-22
Good 29-32 36-40 150-170 58-60 52.5-54.5 18-20
Fair 32-35 40-44 130-150 56-58 50.5-52.5 16-18
Utility >35 >44 <130 <56 <50.5 <16
RFV calculated using the WI/MN formula. TDN calculated using the western
Quantitative factors are approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.
Values based on 100 pct dry matter.
Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding
Values based on 100 pct dry matter. End usage may influence hay price or value
than testing results.
Grass Hay guidelines
Quality Crude Protein Percent
Premium Over 13
Utility Under 5
Source: USDA-SD Dept of Ag Market News, Sioux Falls, SD
Erika Goette, Market Reporter 605-372-8350
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